I have been using the Micro-Cotton Towel for 1,5 years and ı will share my findings as a Textile engineer and an end-user.
Is the Micro-Cotton towel better than Egyptian or Turkish cotton towels?
Well, if you guessed Micro-Cotton towels or Turkish towels you’re wrong
Because Micro-Cotton towels have a completely different appearance and characteristics although it is produced by 100 % cotton yarn like Egyptian or Turkish cotton towels. So, We can not easily compare them.
First, do not mix microfiber(synthetic ones) towels and Microcotton towels!
Step by step let me explain to you the main differences between Microcotton towels and traditional towels. Than ı will share my findings after ı use it for 1,5 years.
How Is MicroCotton Towel Produced? – Technical Explanation!
MicroCotton towel is produced in the same process as all weaving towels.
The only difference between MicroCotton Towels and Egyptian or Turkish cotton towels in production is the Cotton yarn which is the basic raw material for all towels.
MicroCotton towels are weaved by a zero-twist cotton yarn pile. On the contrary, other towels are weaved by a twisted yarn pile.
There is also another towel which is called ”soft-twist or low-twist towels” which is not a MicroCotton towel. Their pile yarn is a ring or combed yarn but has a low twist than an ordinary towel. That’s why soft-twist towels have a fluffy appearance and soft touches like MicroCotton towels.
But do not mix MicroCotton towel and Soft-twist towels. They are completely produced by different Cotton yarns.
So we need to know the Micro-Cotton yarns, their production process, and properties.
What Is Zero Twist Cotton Yarns?
Zero twist yarns are a special kind of yarn spun with no twist in its fibers. I know that is not possible in production. We can not use the cotton fibers without spun them in weaving looms.
There is a solution to keep the cotton fibers together with PVA yarn. We call this yarns Zero-twist yarns.
In comparison to products made using carded or combed cotton yarns, zero-twist weave products are the plushest, softest types of products. Highly absorbent yet it retains its softness after washing.
How Is Zero-Twist Cotton Yarn Produced?
The basic Cotton Yarn Production principle is twisting of the cotton fibers. Cotton yarn is produced in Ring spinning machine or Rotor( open-end) spinning machines.
For Towels pile yarn, Cotton Fibers are twisted between 300 and 600 times per meter in the Z-twist direction. Yarns are twisted because this gives towels extra strength and heavily-twisted yarns are particularly strong.
As a result, all cotton yarns must be twisted during production. Otherwise, the cotton fibers are dispersed during the weaving process so we can not use zero-twist yarns.
Less twisted the pile loops, the softer and more absorbent the towel in traditional towels.
Micro Cotton towels are made by a different spinning process from traditional yarns. As a result, the pile yarns remains untwisted
Here is a great solution to use zero-twist yarns in towels weaving.
There is a Synthetic yarn which is called PVA (Polyvinyl Alcohol) It is a water-soluble synthetic polymer.
PVA filaments wrapped on the surface of non-twisted cotton bundles to constitute a wrapped yarn.
A twisted cotton pile yarn is wrapped with a PVA yarn in the opposite direction(S-twist) of the cotton yarn. The opposite twist number is the same twist number as the original cotton yarn so the cotton yarn becomes zero-twist yarn.
PVA yarn covers the cotton yarn(untwisted pile) to reinforce the weaving process. Otherwise, it is not possible to weave towels with zero-twist yarns.
On the other hand, the sizing process is not necessary for Cotton/PVA yarn for the towels before weaving. Sizing is required to reinforce the yarns because yarns are exposed to friction during weaving.
PVA is dissolved in the water so that the terry is in a state of the fluffy fabric.
We call also this yarns; Twistless Cotton, Zero Twist cotton or air cotton.
1st picture belongs to a twisted pile yarn towels which less soft-touch then the zero-twist towels.
2nd picture shows the zero-twist pile yarn towel which is a more absorbent and fluffy appearance.
What are the main advantages of MicroCotton towels?
Zero Twist or MicroCotton towels have a soft-touch quality and fluffy appearance.
The thickness of the twistless towels is higher. This is shown that twistless towels are more bulky and softer than that of normal towels. It offers a thick and luxurious towel ambiances.
You may concern about their durability. Their useful life is enough long both for homes and industrial products like the hotel and hospital towels.
Abrasion resistance of twistless towels is lower in comparison to that of normal towels. So it must be dried in the low tumble dry.
Pile pulling force of twist-less towels is lower than that of normal twist towels.
Properties relating to water absorbency in terms of rate of water absorption, ie, sinking time, capacity to absorb water in terms of water retention and surface water absorption are better in twistless towels than that of normal towels.
What is the best GSM for MicroCotton towels?
it is possible to produce Zero-twist towels from 360 gsm to 650 gsm. The best range is 550 gsm.
But! ıf you want to buy an economic MicroCotton Towels, we developed 360 gsm MicroCotton towels. It looks well, ı think 350-360 gsm is the lowest limits.